Ammonia (gas) Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Ammonia (gas) Properties

Ammonia (gas)

Description

 

Ammonia contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to foodstuffs and fertilizers. Ammonia, either directly or indirectly, is also a building block for the synthesis of many pharmaceuticals. Ammonia is used in commercial cleaning products. Ammonia is used for the manufacture of fertilizers or for the manufacture of other nitrogen-containing compounds used for fertilizer or, to a lesser extent, explosives, plastics, and fibers. Explosives made from ammonia are ammonium nitrate and (via nitric acid) the nitroglycerin used in dynamite. Plastics include (via urea) urea-formaldehyde and melamine-formaldehyde resins.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colourless gas
Boiling Point -33 ºC
CAS Number 7664-41-7
Density 0.6818gcm3
EINECS Number 231-635-3
IUPAC Name Azane
Melting Point -78 ºC
Molar Mass 17.04g/mol
Molecular Formula H3N
RTECS Number BO0875000
Solubility Soluble in water
Synonyms Ammoniagas; Ammonia-14N; Nitro-Sil; R 717 (ammonia); Refrigerent R717; Spiritof Hartshorn
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