Ammonium Perchlorate Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Ammonium Perchlorate Properties

Ammonium Perchlorate

Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Ammonium perchlorate is an inorganic compound. It is the salt of perchloric acid and ammonium hydroxide. All perchlorates are potentially powerful oxidizers, but ammonium perchlorate is especially labile. When ammonium perchlorate is mixed with a fuel it can generate self-sustained combustion also far under atmospheric pressure. It is an important oxidizer with a decades-long history of use in solid rocket propellants-- space launch, military, amateur, and hobby high powered rockets--as well as in some fireworks. Some "breakable" epoxy adhesives contain suspensions of ammonium perchlorate.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White crystalline solid
CAS Number 7790-98-9
Crystal Structure Orthorhombic
Density 1.95 g/cm3
EINECS Number 232-235-1
IUPAC Name Ammonium perchlorate
InChI 1S/ClHO4.H3N/c2-1(3,4)5;/h(H,2,3,4,5);1H3
InChIKey HHEFNVCDPLQQTP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Main Hazards Ammonium Perchlorate causes irritation to skin and mucous membrane
Melting Point >200°C
Molar Mass 117.49 g/mol
Molecular Formula NH4ClO4
NFPA 704 H-1,F-0,R-2,C-OX
Other_Cations Potassium Perchlorate;Sodium Perchlorate;Lithium Perchlorate
RTECS Number SC7520000
Refractive 1.482
Related Compounds Perchloric Acid
Solubility 20.85 g/100 ml
Synonyms Perchloricacid, Ammonium Salt(8CI,9CI);Ammonium Perchlorate;Arcadene 426;AP
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