Aspirin Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Aspirin Properties

Aspirin

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Aspirin is a salicylate drug, often used as an analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains, as an antipyretic to reduce fever, and as an anti-inflammatory medication. It also has an antiplatelet effect by inhibiting the production of thromboxane, which under normal circumstances binds platelet molecules together to create a patch over damage of the walls within blood vessels. Because the platelet patch can become too large and also block blood flow, locally and downstream, aspirin is also used long-term, at low doses, to help prevent heart attacks, strokes, and blood clot formation in people at high risk for developing blood clots. It has also been established that low doses of aspirin may be given immediately after a heart attack to reduce the risk of another heart attack or of the death of cardiac tissue. The main undesirable side effects of aspirin are gastrointestinal ulcers, stomach bleeding, and tinnitus, especially in higher doses. In children and adolescents, aspirin is no longer used to control flu-like symptoms or the symptoms of chickenpox or other viral illnesses, because of the risk of Reye's syndrome.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White solid
Boiling Point 140 °C
CAS Number 50-78-2
Density 1.40 g/cm3
EINECS Number 200-064-1
IUPAC Name 2-Acetoxybenzoic acid
InChI InChI=1S/C9H8O4/c1-6(10)13-8-5-3-2-4-7(8)9(11)12/h2-5H,1H3,(H,11,12)
InChIKey BSYNRYMUTXBXSQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 135 °C
Molar Mass 180.157 g/mol
Molecular Formula C9H8O4
NFPA 704 H-2, F-1, R-0, C-NA
RTECS Number VO0700000
Solubility 3 mg/ml
Synonyms 2-Acetyloxybenzoic Acid;Acetylsalicylate;Acetylsalicylic Acid;
o-Acetylsalicylic Acid;Aspirin
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