Benzalkonium Chloride Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Benzalkonium Chloride Properties

Benzalkonium Chloride

Benzalkonium Chloride-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image



Benzalkonium chloride is a mixture of alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chlorides of various even-numbered alkyl chain lengths.It is a kind of cationic surfactant, belonging to nonoxidizing boicide. It can efficiently withhold algae propagation and sludge reproduction. Benzalkonium Chloride also has dispersing and penetrating properties, can penetrate and remove sludge and algae, has advantages of low toxicity, no toxicity accumulation, soluble in water, convenient in use, unaffected by water hardness.Benzalkonium Chloride can be also used as anti-mildew agent, antistatic agent, emulsifying agent and amendment agent in woven and dyeing fields.It is a nitrogenous cationic surface-acting agent belonging to the quaternary ammonium group.It is used in pharmaceuticals such as leave-on skin antiseptics and in cosmetics such as eye and nasal drops, as a preservative. It is also used in cleaners for floor and hard surfaces as a disinfectant.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White or Yellow Powder or Gelatinous Lumps or Colorless Solution
CAS Number 8001-54-5,63449-41-2,139-07-1
Density 0.98 g/cm3
EINECS Number 264-151-6
IUPAC Name Benzyl-dimethyl-tridecyl-azanium chloride
InChI 1/C22H40N.ClH.H2O/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-18-21-23(2,3)22-19-16-15-17-20-22;;/h15-17,19-20H,4-14,18,21H2,1-3H3;1H;1H2/q+1;;/p-1
NFPA 704 H-1,F-0,R-0,C-NA
Solubility Soluble
Synonyms Alkylbenzyl-Dimethylammonium Chloride;Zephiran Chloride;Ammonyx;Benirol;Bradophen;Cequartyl;Zilkonium Chloride;Alkyldimethylbenzylammonium Chloride;Dodecyl Dimethyl Benzyl Ammonium Chloride;Benzalkonium A; Bio-Quat; Quaternium-1;Zephiral;Alkyl Dimethyl Ethylbenzyl Ammonium Chloride;Benzalkonium (C8-C16) Chloride;ADBAC;BKC