Benzene Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Benzene Properties

Benzene

Benzene-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Benzene-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Benzene is an organic compound that is a colorless or light-yellow liquid that has a relatively high melting point. The word benzene derives historically from gum benzoin, sometimes called benjamin. It is highly flammable, has a sweet odor and quickly evaporates into air. Its vapor is heavier than air, which makes it sink into low-lying areas. Benzene dissolves only slightly in water and floats on top of it.Benzene is formed from both natural and man-made processes. Natural sources include volcanoes and forest fires. Benzene is also a natural constituent of crude oil and gasoline. Its most widely-produced derivatives include styrene, which is used to make polymers and plastics, phenol for resins and adhesives and cyclohexane, which is used to manufacture Nylon. About 80% of benzene is consumed in the production of three chemicals, ethylbenzene, cumene, and cyclohexane. Its most widely produced derivative is ethylbenzene, precursor to styrene, which is used to make polymers and plastics.

Chemical Properties

AR Assay 99.7%
Appearance Colourless liquid
Boiling Point 80.1 °C
CAS Number 71-43-2
Class 3
Density 0.8765g/cm3
Dipole Moment 0 D
EINECS Number 200-753-7
HPLC Assay 99.8%
HS Code 290220900
IUPAC Name Benzene
InChI 1S/C6H6/c1-2-4-6-5-3-1/h1-6H
InChIKey UHOVQNZJYSORNB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
LR Assay 99%
Lab Grade LR;AR;SPECTRO;HPLC
Main Hazards Benzene causes dizziness, excitation, pallor, followed by flushing, weakness, headache, breathlessness, chest constriction, coma and possible death.
Melting Point 5.5 °C
Molar Mass 78.11g/mol
Molecular Formula C6H6
NFPA 704 H-2,F-3,R-0,C-NA
Packing Group II
RTECS Number CY1400000
Refractive n20/D 1.501
Related Compounds Toluene;Borazine
SPECTRO Assay 99.8%
Solubility 1.8 g/l
Synonyms Benzol;Cyclohexa-1,3,5-Triene
UN Number 1114
Viscosity 0.652 cP