Benzyl Alcohol Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Benzyl Alcohol Properties

Benzyl Alcohol

Benzyl Alcohol 3D Structure-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Benzyl Alcohol Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image



Benzyl Alcohol is an aromatic organic alcohol found in many fruits and teas. Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. It is a useful solvent due to its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapor pressure. Benzyl alcohol is produced naturally by many plants and is commonly found in fruits and teas. It is also found in a variety of essential oils including jasmine, hyacinth, and ylang-ylang. Benzyl alcohol is prepared by the hydrolysis of benzyl chloride using sodium hydroxide. It can also be prepared via a Grignard reaction by reacting phenylmagnesium bromide with formaldehyde, followed by acidification. Benzyl alcohol is used as a general solvent for inks, paints, lacquers, and epoxy resin coatings. It is also a precursor to a variety of esters, used in the soap, perfume. It is also used as a photographic developer. Benzyl alcohol has been used as a dielectric solvent for the dielectrophoretic reconfiguration of nanowires. Benzyl alcohol is used as a bacteriostatic preservative at low concentration in intravenous medications, cosmetics and topical drugs.

Chemical Properties

AR Assay 99.5%
Acidity 15.4
Appearance Colourless liquid
Boiling Point 205 °C
CAS Number 100-51-6
ChEBI 17987
Chemical Composition Toluene;Potassium carbonate;Sodium carbonate;Chlorine;Benzyl chloride;Benzaldehyde
Density 1.044 g/cm3
EINECS Number 202-859-9
HS Code 29062100
IUPAC Name Phenylmethanol
LR Assay 99%
Lab Grade LR;AR
Main Hazards Inhalation of benzyl alcohol vapor may cause irritation of upper respiratory tract. Benzyl Alcohol ingestion may produce severe irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, followed by nausea, vomiting, cramps and diarrhea.
Melting Point -15 °C
Molar Mass 108.14 g/mol
Molecular Formula C7H8O
NFPA 704 H-1,F-1,R-0,C-NA
RTECS Number DN3150000
Refractive n20/D 1.539
Solubility 33mg/ml
Synonyms Phenylcarbinol;Benzyl alcohol (JP14/NF);Hydroxymethylbenzene;Phenylmethyl alcohol;alpha-Hydroxytoluene;phenylcarbinol;Benzenecarbinol;.alpha.-Hydroxytoluene;(Hydroxymethyl)benzene;Phenylmethanol;Benzal alcohol;benzenemethanol;.alpha.-Toluenol;Methanol, phenyl-;Sunmorl BK 20;NCI-C06111;see Carbamo(dithioperox)imidic acid,phenylmethyl ester;Benzyl alcohol F.F.C.;Benzyl Alcohol , Natural;Benzyl alcohol nat.;benzoic alcohol;Benzyl Alcohol, Reagent;Phenolcarbinol;Phenyl Methanol;FEMA No. 2137;alpha-Toluenol;Benzyl Alcohol Natural;BenzylAlcohol(PhenylCarbinol);Hydroxymethyl)benzene;alcoolbenzylique;Bentalol;benzalalcohol;Benzenemethan-lo;benzenmethanol;Benzoyl alcohol