Benzyl Chloride Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Benzyl Chloride Properties

Benzyl Chloride

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Benzyl chloride is an organic compound. This colourless liquid is a reactive organochlorine compound that is a widely used chemical building block. Industrially, benzyl chloride is the precursor to benzyl esters which are used as plasticizer, flavorants, and perfumes. In organic synthesis, benzyl chloride is used for the introduction of the benzyl protecting group for alcohols, yielding the corresponding benzyl ether, and carboxylic acids, yielding the corresponding benzyl ester. It may be used in the synthesis of amphetamine-class drugs, and for this reason sales of benzyl chloride are monitored as a List II drug precursor chemical by the US Drug Enforcement Administration.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colorless Liquid
Boiling Point 179 °C
CAS Number 100-44-7
ChEBI 615597
Class 8
Density 1.1 g/ml
EINECS Number 202-853-6
HS Code 2903.69
IUPAC Name (Chloromethyl)benzene
InChI 1S/C7H7Cl/c8-6-7-4-2-1-3-5-7/h1-5H,6H2
InChIKey KCXMKQUNVWSEMD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Main Hazards Inhalation of benzyl chloride causes severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burning of the throat, headache, dizziness, and weakness. Immediate and severe eye irritation may result from contact with the liquid or vapor; prolonged or permanent eye damage may result. Benzyl chloride vapors irritate skin and liquid may cause severe burns. Benzyl chloride ingestion may cause immediate and severe burns of the mouth and throat, and gastrointestinal tract.
Melting Point -39 °C
Molar Mass 126.58 g/mol
Molecular Formula C7H7Cl
NFPA 704 H-3,F-2,R-1,C-NA
PG 2
RTECS Number XS8925000
Refractive n20/D 1.538
Solubility 0.3 g/l
Synonyms α-Chlorotoluene;Tolyl Chloride;omega-Chlorotoluene;alpha-Chlortoluol;NCI-C06360;Benzylchloride;(Chloromethyl)benzene;Toluene, .alpha.-chloro-;Benzyl Chloride;Chlorophenylmethane;Benzene,(chloromethyl)-;Toluene, alpha-chloro-;alpha-Chlorotoluene;.alpha.-Chlorotoluene;Benzene, (chloromethyl)-;ω-Chlorotoluene;1-Chloromethylbenzene;Chloromethylbenzene;Phenylmethyl Chloride;Toluene, α-chloro-;a-Chlorotoluene
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