Bismuth Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Bismuth Properties




Bismuth is the most naturally diamagnetic of all metals. It has classically been considered to be the heaviest naturally-occurring stable element. Bismuth compounds are used in cosmetics, medicines, and in medical procedures. Bismuth has unusually low toxicity for a heavy metal. As the toxicity of lead has become more apparent in recent years, alloy uses for bismuth metal, as a replacement for lead, have become an increasing part of bismuth's commercial importance.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Silvery White Solid
Atomic Number 83
Atomic Weight 208.98g/mol
Block p
Boiling Point 1564 °C
CAS Number 7440-69-9
Class 6.1
Crystal Structure Trigonal
Density 9.78 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-177-4
Electron Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Group 15
Ionization Energy 703 KJ/mol
Melting Point 271.5 °C
NFPA 704 H-1,F-1,R-0,C-NA
Oxidation State 3,5
PG 2
Period 6
RTECS Number EB2600000
Solubility Insoluble
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