Calcium Carbide Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Calcium Carbide Properties

Calcium Carbide

Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Calcium Carbide is a chemical compound containing calcium and carbide.Pure form of calcium carbide is colorless, but most of the material is produced industrially.It is made in a kind of furnace called an electric arc furnace, which can reach temperatures much hotter than those that are obtained through simple combustion. The basic chemical method used to make the material has not changed since it was discovered in 1888.Calcium carbide reacts with nitrogen at high temperature to form calcium cyanamide.Calcium carbide is used in carbide lamps, used in the desulfurisation of iron, as a fuel in steelmaking to extend the scrap ratio to liquid iron,as a powerful deoxidizer at ladle treatment facilities.Calcium carbide is used in toy cannons such as the Big-Bang Cannon, as well as in bamboo cannons.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Grey or black crystals
Boiling Point 2300 °C
CAS Number 75-20-7
Crystal Structure Tetragonal
Density 2.22 g/cm3
EINECS Number 200-848-3
IUPAC Name Calcium Carbide
InChI 1S/C2.Ca/c1-2;/q-2;+2
InChIKey UIXRSLJINYRGFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Main Hazards Calcium Carbide major hazards include eye and skin irritation
Melting Point 2160 °C
Molar Mass 64.099 g/mol
Molecular Formula CaC2
NFPA 704 H-3,F-3,R-2,C-W
Synonyms Calcium Carbide;Calcium Acetylide;Calcium Dicarbide
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