Calcium Hypochlorite Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Calcium Hypochlorite Properties

Calcium Hypochlorite

Calcium Hypochlorite-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Calcium hypochlorite is widely used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent. It is type of chlorine is available in either granular or tablet forms. It usually contains 70% available chlorine. This chemical is considered to be relatively stable and has greater available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite. Calcium hypochlorite is used for the disinfection of drinking water or swimming pool water. It is used as a sanitizer in outdoor swimming pools in combination with a cyanuric acid stabilizer, which reduces the loss of chlorine due to ultraviolet radiation. Calcium hypochlorite is also an ingredient in bleaching powder, used for bleaching cotton and linen. It is also used in bathroom cleaners, household disinfectant sprays, moss and algae removers, and weedkillers. In addition, calcium hypochlorite may be used to manufacture chloroform. Bleaching powder is used also in sugar industry for bleaching sugar cane juice before its crystallization.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White or gray powder
Boiling Point 175°C
CAS Number 7778-54-3
Chemical Composition Chlorine;Calcium Hydroxide;Calcium Oxide;Carbon Monoxide;Sodium Chlorate;Calcium Carbonate
Density 2.35 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-908-7
HS Code 2828.10
IUPAC Name Calcium Dihypochlorite
InChI 1S/Ca.2ClO/c;2*1-2/q+2;2*-1
InChIKey ZKQDCIXGCQPQNV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 100°C
Molar Mass 142.985 g/mol
Molecular Formula CaCl2O2
NFPA 704 H-3,F-0,R-1,C-OX
Other_Cations Sodium Hypochlorite
RTECS Number NH3485000
Solubility 21 g/100 ml
Synonyms Hypochlorous acid, Calcium salt;Bleaching powder;Calcium Chloro Hydrochlorite;Dry Chlorine