Calcium Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Calcium Properties


Calcium -Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule Structure Image



Calcium is a alkaline earth metal, and is the fifth most abundant element by mass in the Earth's crust. It is essential for living organisms, particularly in cell physiology, where movement of the calcium ion Ca2+ into and out of the cytoplasm functions as a signal for many cellular processes. As a major material used in mineralization of bones and shells, calcium is the most abundant metal by mass in many animals. It is uesd as a reducing agent in the extraction of other metals, such as uranium, zirconium, and thorium, as a deoxidizer, desulfurizer, or decarbonizer for various ferrous and nonferrous alloys, and as an alloying agent used in the production of aluminium, beryllium, copper, lead, and magnesium alloys. It is also used in the making of cements and mortars to be used in construction and in the making of cheese, where calcium ions influence the activity of rennin in bringing about the coagulation of milk.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Silvery White Solid
Atomic Number 20
Atomic Weight 40.078 g/mol
Block s
Boiling Point 1484 °C
CAS Number 7440-70-2
Class 4.3
Crystal Structure Face-centered cubic
Density 1.55 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-179-5
Electron Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2
Group 2
Ionization Energy 589.8 KJ/mol
Melting Point 842 °C
NFPA 704 H-3,F-3,R-2,C-NA
Oxidation State +2,+1
PG 2
Period 4
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