Carbon Monoxide Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Carbon Monoxide Properties

Carbon Monoxide

Methanol-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Methanol-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

In 1776, the French chemist de Lassone produced carbon monoxide by heating zinc oxide with coke. Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air. Carbon Monoxide is conveniently produced in the laboratory by the dehydration of formic acid or oxalic acid, for example with sulfuric acid. Carbon Monoxide is present in small amounts in the atmosphere, chiefly as a product of volcanic activity but also from natural and man-made fires. Carbon Monoxide occurs dissolved in molten volcanic rock at high pressures in the Earth's mantle. It is toxic to humans and animals when encountered in higher concentrations, although it is also produced in normal animal metabolism in low quantities, and is thought to have some normal biological functions. Carbon Monoxide consists of one carbon atom and one oxygen atom, connected by a triple bond that consists of two covalent bonds as well as one dative covalent bond. It is the simplest oxocarbon, and isoelectronic with the cyanide ion and molecular nitrogen. Carbon monoxide is produced from the partial oxidation of carbon-containing compounds. Carbon Monoxide also binds to other molecules such as myoglobin and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase. Carbon Monoxide may have severe adverse effects on the fetus of a pregnant woman. Carbon Monoxide is produced naturally by the human body as a signaling molecule. Carbon Monoxide is a nutrient for methanogenic bacteria,a building-block for acetylcoenzyme A. Carbon Monoxide has an indirect radioactive forcing effect by elevating concentrations of methane and tropospheric ozone through chemical reactions with other atmospheric constituents.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colourless Gas
Boiling Point −191.5 °C
CAS Number 630-08-0
ChEBI 17245
Density 0.789 g/mL
Dipole Moment 0.112 D
EINECS Number 211-128-3
IUPAC Name Carbon monoxide
InChI 1S/CO/c1-2
InChIKey UGFAIRIUMAVXCW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point −205 °C
Molar Mass 28.010 g mol-1
Molecular Formula CO
NFPA 704 H-4,F-4,R-2,C-NA
RTECS Number FG3500000
Solubility Soluble In Chloroform
Synonyms Carbon Mono Oxide;Carbon Oxide (CO)
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