Chloral Hydrate Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Chloral Hydrate Properties

Chloral Hydrate

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Chloral hydrate is a sedative and hypnotic drug as well as a chemical reagent and precursor. It was discovered through the chlorination of ethanol in 1832 by Justus von Liebig in Gießen. Its sedative properties were first published in 1869 and subsequently, because of its easy synthesis, its use was widespread. It was widely used recreationally and misprescribed in the late 19th century. A solution of chloral hydrate in alcohol called "knockout drops" was used to prepare a Mickey Finn. More reputable uses of chloral hydrate include its use as a clearing agent of chitin and as a key ingredient of Hoyer's mounting medium, which is used for slide-mounted observation of organisms under a large microscope. In electroplating industry it is used to adjust the electronic potential difference in semi-bright nickel plating and in agriculture, it is used as intermediate of herbicide and other kinds of pesticides .

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colorless solid
Boiling Point 98 °C
Brand Name Aquachloral;Novo-Chlorhydrate;Somnos;Noctec;Somnote
CAS Number 302-17-0
ChEBI 28142
Density 1.91 g/cm3
EINECS Number 206-117-5
IUPAC Name 2,2,2-Trichloroethane-1,1-diol
InChI 1S/C2H3Cl3O2/c3-2(4,5)1(6)7/h1,6-7H
InChIKey RNFNDJAIBTYOQL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 57 °C
Molar Mass 165.40 g/mol
Molecular Formula C2H3Cl3O2
RTECS Number FM8750000
Related Compounds Chloral;Chlorobutanol
Synonyms Trichloroacetaldehyde Monohydrate;Chloral Hydrate
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