Chloroacetic Acid Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Chloroacetic Acid Properties

Chloroacetic Acid

Methyltriphenylphosphonium Bromide-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Methyltriphenylphosphonium Bromide-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image



Chloroacetic acid is the organochlorine compound.Chloroacetic acid is prepared industrially via two routes. The predominant method involves chlorination of acetic acid, with acetic anhydride as a catalyst. Chloroacetic Acid is converted to chloroacetyl chloride, a precursor to adrenaline (epinephrine). It is easily soluble in water, soluble in alcohol, methanol, acetone, carbon, disulphide, benzene, chloroform, ether. Chloroacetic Acid is an intermediate for the production of pesticides like 2,4-D acids (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), Dimethoate, CAC (Chloroacetyl chloride), TCAC (Trichloroacetyl chloride), 2,4,5-T acid (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid), MCPA (2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid), glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine).It is used in the production of ibuprofen/brufen, dichlophenac sodium, caffeine, vitamins, glycine, N-(P-hydroxyphenyl)-glycine (METOL), maleanates. Chloroacetic Acid is converted to chloroacetyl chloride, a precursor to adrenaline (epinephrine). Chloroacetic Acid is used in manufacturing a variety of products including herbicides and pharmaceuticals, anesthetics, tranquilizers and amphoteric surfactants, which are cleansing agents used in shampoos.

Chemical Properties

Acidity 2.86
Appearance Colourless or white crystals
Boiling Point 189 °C
CAS Number 79-11-8
ChEBI 27869
Density 1.58 g cm−3
EINECS Number 201-178-4
HS Code 29154000
IUPAC Name Chloroacetic Acid
InChI 1S/C2H3ClO2/c3-1-2(4)5/h1H2,(H,4,5)
Melting Point 63 °C
Molar Mass 94.5 g/mol
Molecular Formula C2H3ClO2
NFPA 704 H-3,F-1,R-0,C-NA
RTECS Number AF8575000
Refractive nD/20 1.4330
Related Compounds 2-Chloropropionic Acid;Sodium Chloroacetate
Solubility Soluble
Synonyms Monochloroacetic Acid;Chloroethanoic Acid;Chloroacetic Acid;MCA;Mono Chloro Acetic Acid;MCAA