Chloroethane Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Chloroethane Properties

Chloroethane

Chloroethane Molecular Structure-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Chloroethane Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Chloroethane is a chemical compound, once widely used in producing tetraethyllead, a gasoline additive. It is a colorless, flammable gas or refrigerated liquid with a faintly sweet odor. The important use of ethyl chloride is in treating cellulose to make ethylcellulose, a thickening agent and binder in paints, cosmetics, and similar products. It acts as a mild topical anesthetic by its chilling effect when sprayed on skin, such as when removing splinters in a clinical setting. It is a recreational inhalant drug, sometimes referred to as "Duster".

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colourless gas
Boiling Point 12.3 °C
CAS Number 75-00-3
Density 0.92 g/cm3
Dipole Moment 2.06 D
EINECS Number 200-830-5
IUPAC Name Chloroethane
InChI 1S/C2H5Cl/c1-2-3/h2H2,1H3
InChIKey HRYZWHHZPQKTII-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point −139 °C
Molar Mass 64.51 g/mol
Molecular Formula C2H5Cl
NFPA 704 H-2,F-4,R-2,C-NA
RTECS Number KH7525000
Solubility 0.6 g/100 ml
Synonyms Ethyl Chloride;Monochloroethane;Chlorene;Muriatic Ether;EtCl
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