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Citronellal Properties

Citronellal

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Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Citronellal is a cosmetic chemical. Citronellal or rhodinal or 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en-1-al (C10H18O) is a monoterpenoid, the main component in the mixture of terpenoid chemical compounds that give citronella oil its distinctive lemon scent. Citronellal is a major isolate in distilled oils from the plants Cymbopogon, lemon-scented gum, and lemon-scented teatree. Citronellal has insect repellent properties, and research shows high repellent effectiveness against mosquitoes. Research shows that citronellal has strong antifungal qualities.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Clear light yellow liquid.
Boiling Point 207 °C(lit.)
CAS Number 106-23-0
ChEBI 47856
Chemical Composition Sodium Carbonate-->Sodium Bisulfite-->Aluminum Oxide -->Citral-->Citronellol-->Geraniol-->Eucalyptus Oil-->Citronella Oil-->1,7-Octadiene-->Cis-Pinane-->Nickel(Ii) Formate
Density 0.857 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
IUPAC Name 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en-1-al
Molar Mass 154.25 g/mol
Molecular Formula C10H18O
NFPA 704 H-1, F-2, R-0, C-NA
RTECS Number RH2140000
Refractive n20/D 1.451(lit.)
Solubility Insoluble
Synonyms Rhodinal;2,3-Dihydrocitral;3,7-Dimethyl-6-Octena;3,7-Dimethyloct-6-Enal;6-Ocetnal,3,7-Dimethyl-;6-Octenal,3,7-Dimethyl-;6-Octenal,3,7-Dimethyl-,(±)-;B-Citronellal