Ethanol Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Ethanol Properties

Ethanol

Dowanol PGDA Glycol Ether-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Dowanol PGDA Glycol Ether-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Ethanol is a volatile, flammable, colorless straight-chain, primary alcohol. Ethanol is the principal type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is a psychoactive drug and one of the oldest recreational drugs still used by humans. It can cause alcohol intoxication when consumed to excess. It is used in thermometers, as a solvent, and as a fuel. Ethanol intended for industrial use is often produced from ethylene. Ethanol has widespread use as a solvent of substances intended for human contact or consumption, including scents, flavorings, colorings, and medicines. In chemistry, it is both a solvent and a feedstock for the synthesis of other products. It has a long history as a fuel for heat and light, and more recently as a fuel for internal combustion engines. Ethanol is a versatile solvent, miscible with water and with many organic solvents, including acetic acid, acetone, benzene, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, diethyl ether, ethylene glycol, glycerol, nitromethane, pyridine, and toluene. It is also miscible with light aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as pentane and hexane, and with aliphatic chlorides such as trichloroethane and tetrachloroethylene. Ethanol is produced both as a petrochemical, through the hydration of ethylene and, via biological processes, by fermenting sugars with yeast. Ethanol can be oxidized to acetaldehyde and further oxidized to acetic acid. Ethanol may also be utilized as a rocket fuel, and is currently in lightweight rocket-powered racing aircraft.

Chemical Properties

Acidity 15.9
Appearance Colourless Liquid
Boiling Point 78°C
CAS Number 64-17-5
ChEBI 16236
Class 3
Density 0.789 g/cm3
Dipole Moment 1.69 D
EINECS Number 200-578-6
IUPAC Name Ethanol
InChI 1S/C2H6O/c1-2-3/h3H,2H2,1H3
InChIKey LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point −114°C
Molar Mass 46.07 g/mol
Molecular Formula C2H6O
NFPA 704 H-2,F-3,R-0,C-NA
PG 2
RTECS Number KQ6300000
Refractive 1.36
Solubility Miscible
Synonyms Absolute Alcohol;Alcohol;Drinking Alcohol;Ethyl Alcohol;Ethyl Hydrate;Ethyl Hydroxide;Ethylic Alcohol;Ethylol;Grain Alcohol;Hydroxyethane;Methylcarbinol;Pure Alcohol
Viscosity 0.0012 Pa s