Ethylene Oxide Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Ethylene Oxide Properties

Ethylene Oxide

Ethylene Oxide-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Ethylene Oxide-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image



Ethylene oxide is a cyclic ether.It is the simplest epoxide, a three-membered ring consisting of two carbon and one oxygen atom.Ethylene oxide is industrially produced by direct oxidation of ethylene in the presence of silver catalyst. It is extremely flammable and explosive and is used as a main component of thermobaric weapons.Ethylene oxide readily reacts with various compounds, breaking a C–O bond and opening the cycle.It is typically used as an intermediate and raw material for many organic syntheses.Ethylene oxide is registered as an antimicrobial disinfectant and is active against a wide variety of bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Ethylene oxide is used for the sterilization of surgical instruments and equipment in hospitals and veterinary institutions, and for the sterilization of equipment in food handling and food processing plants.Ethylene Oxide gas used in manufacturing organic compounds and as a fumigant.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colorless Gas
Boiling Point 10.7°C
CAS Number 75-21-8
ChEBI 27561
Density 0.882 g/ml
EINECS Number 200-849-9
IUPAC Name Ethylene Oxide
InChI 1S/C2H4O/c1-2-3-1/h1-2H2
Melting Point −111.3°C
Molar Mass 44.05 g/mol
Molecular Formula C2H4O
NFPA 704 H-3,F-4,R-3,C-NA
RTECS Number KX2450000
Related Compounds Aziridine;Ethylene Sulfide;Borirane
Solubility Miscible
Synonyms Oxirane;Epoxyethane;Ethylene Oxide;Dimethylene Oxide;Oxacyclopropane;Ethyleneoxide;Ethyleneoxy;1,2-Epoxyethane;Dihydrooxirene;ETO;Ethene Oxide;Oxacyclopropane;Oxane;Oxidoethane;Oxirene, dihydro-;Oxyfume;Oxyfume 12;Oxyfume 2002;T-Gas