Formic Acid Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Formic Acid Properties

Formic Acid

Formic Acid 3D Structure-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Formic Acid Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image



Formic acid is the simplest carboxylic acid. It is an important intermediate in chemical synthesis and occurs naturally, most notably in the venom of bee and ant stings. Esters, salts, and the anion derived from formic acid are referred to as formate(s). A major use of formic acid is as a preservative and antibacterial agent in livestock feed. Formic acid is also used in the production of textiles and leather because of its acidic nature. It is also used as a coagulant in the production of rubber. Like acetic acid and trifluoroacetic acid, formic acid is commonly used as a volatile pH modifier in HPLC and capillary electrophoresis.

Chemical Properties

Acidity 3.77
Appearance Colorless, fuming liquid
Boiling Point 101 °C
CAS Number 64-18-6
ChEBI 30751
Density 1.22 g/ml
EINECS Number 200-001-8
IUPAC Name Methanoic Acid
InChI 1S/CH2O2/c2-1-3/h1H,(H,2,3)
Melting Point 8.4 °C
Molar Mass 46.03 g mol−1
Molecular Formula CH2O2
NFPA 704 H-3,F-2,R-1,C-NA
RTECS Number LQ4900000
Related Compounds Formaldehyde;Methanol
Solubility Miscible
Synonyms Aminic Acid;Formic Acid;Formylic Acid;Hydrogen Carboxylic Acid;Hydroxymethanone;Hydroxy(oxo)methane;Metacarbonoic Acid;Oxocarbinic Acid;Oxomethanol
Viscosity 1.57 cP uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By using this site, you agree to our Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use. X