Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Properties

Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image



Gamma-Aminobutyric acid is the most important and widespread inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain.GABA is made in the brain from the amino acid glutamate with the aid of vitamin B6.Barbiturates and benzodiazepenes are known to stimulate GABA receptors, and hence induce relaxation. It is mainly used to induce relaxation, analgesia, and sleep,antihypertensive , anodyne, calmative, diuretic, inhibit CNS neurotransmitters with vitamin B6, restorative, tranquilizer. Also used to inhibit neuronal activity resulting in states of mental calmness and serenity.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White Microcrystalline Powder
CAS Number 56-12-2
ChEBI 16865
Density 1.11 g/cm3
EINECS Number 200-258-6
HS Code 29224995
IUPAC Name 4-Aminobutanoic acid
InChI 1S/C4H9NO2/c5-3-1-2-4(6)7/h1-3,5H2,(H,6,7)
Melting Point 203.7 °C
Molar Mass 103.12 g/mol
Molecular Formula C4H9NO2
NFPA 704 H-1, F-1, R-0, C-NA
RTECS Number ES6300000
Solubility Soluble
Synonyms γ-Aminobutyric Acid;GABA;4-Aminobutanoic Acid;4-Aminobutyric Acid;Piperidic Acid;Piperidinic Acid;g-Aminobutanoic Acid;g-Aminobutyric Acid