Glycerine Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Glycerine Properties


Glycerine 3D Structure-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Glycerine-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image



Glycerine is a simple polyol compound. It is a byproduct of the production of biodiesel via transesterification.It is a colourless, odourless, viscous liquid that is widely used in pharmaceutical formulations. It has three hydrophilic hydroxyl groups that are responsible for its solubility in water and its hygroscopic nature.It is used as a humectant, solvent and sweetener,and as a thickening agent in liqueurs.Glycerine is used in medical and pharmaceutical and personal care preparations, mainly as a means of improving smoothness, providing lubrication and as a humectant. It is found in allergen immunotherapies, cough syrups, elixirs and expectorants, toothpaste, mouthwashes, skin care products, shaving cream, hair care products, soaps and water-based personal lubricants,used as an anti-freeze for automotive applications,used to produce nitroglycerin, or glycerol-trinitrate.

Chemical Properties

AR Assay 99%
Appearance Clear Colorless Liquid
Boiling Point 290 °C
CAS Number 56-81-5
Density 1.261 g/cm3
EINECS Number 200-289-5
IUPAC Name Propan-1,2,3-triol
InChI 1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2
Lab Grade AR
Melting Point 17.8 °C
Molar Mass 92.0938 g/mol
Molecular Formula C3H5(OH)3
NFPA 704 H-1, F-1, R-0, C-NA
Refractive 1.4746 n/D
Synonyms Glycerol;Glycerine;Propane-1,2,3-Triol;1,2,3-Propanetriol;1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane;Glyceritol;Glycyl Alcohol
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