Glycyrrhizin Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Glycyrrhizin Properties

Glycyrrhizin

Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Glycyrrhizin is the main sweet-tasting compound from liquorice root. It is 30 to 50 times as sweet as sucrose. Chemically, glycyrrhizin is a triterpenoid saponin glycoside of glycyrrhizic acid. Upon hydrolysis, the glycoside loses its sweet taste and is converted to the aglycone glycyrrhetinic acid plus two molecules of glucuronic acid. Although sweet, the taste sensation of glycyrrhizin is different from that of sugar. The sweetness of glycyrrhizin has a slower onset than sugar, and lingers in the mouth for some time. Unlike the artificial sweetener aspartame, glycyrrhizin maintains its sweetness under heating. Glycyrrhizin is used as a flavoring in some candies, pharmaceuticals, and tobacco products.

Chemical Properties

CAS Number 1405-86-3
Density 1.43g/cm3
EINECS Number 215-785-7
IUPAC Name (3β,18α)-30-Hydroxy-11,30-Dioxoolean-12-en-3-yl 2-O-β-D-Glucopyranuronosyl-β-D-Glucopyranosiduronic Acid
InChI 1S/C42H62O16/c1-37(2)21-8-11-42(7)31(20(43)16-18-19-17-39(4,36(53)54)13-12-38(19,3)14-15-41(18,42)6)40(21,5)10-9-22(37)55-35-30(26(47)25(46)29(57-35)33(51)52)58-34-27(48)23(44)24(45)28(56-34)32(49)50/h16,19,21-31,34-35,44-48H,8-15,17H2,1-7H3,(H,49,50)(H,51,52)(H,53,54)/t19-,21-,22-,23-,24-,25-,26-,27+,28-,29-,30+,31+,34-,35-,38+,39-,40-,41+,42+/m0/s1
InChIKey LPLVUJXQOOQHMX-QWBHMCJMSA-N
Molar Mass 822.94g/mol
Molecular Formula C42H62O16
RTECS Number MD2025000
Synonyms Glycyrrhizin;Glycyrrhizinic Acid;Glycyrrhizic acid
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