Hexane Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals
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Hexane Properties

Hexane

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Hexane is a hydrocarbon, that is, an alkane with six carbon atoms. Hexanes are significant constituents of gasoline. They are widely used as cheap, relatively safe, largely unreactive, and easily evaporated non-polar solvents. In industry, hexanes are used in the formulation of glues for shoes, leather products, and roofing. They are also used to extract cooking oils from seeds, for cleansing and degreasing all sorts of items, and in textile manufacturing. A typical laboratory use of hexanes is to extract oil and grease contaminants from water and soil for analysis. Since hexane cannot be easily deprotonated, it is used in the laboratory for reactions that involve very strong bases, such as the preparation of Grignard reagents.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colorless liquid
Boiling Point 69 °C
CAS Number 110-54-3
Density 0.6548 g/ml
EINECS Number 203-777-6
IUPAC Name Hexane
InChI 1S/C6H14/c1-3-5-6-4-2/h3-6H2,1-2H3
InChIKey VLKZOEOYAKHREP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point −95 °C
Molar Mass 86.18 g/mol
Molecular Formula C6H14
NFPA 704 H-1,F-3,R-0,C-NA
RTECS Number MN9275000
Refractive n20/D 1.388
Related Compounds Cyclohexane
Solubility 13 mg/l
Synonyms n-Hexane
Viscosity 0.294 cP
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