Hydrogen Peroxide Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Hydrogen Peroxide Properties

Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen Peroxide Structure-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Hydrogen Peroxide 3D Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Hydrogen peroxide was first described in 1818 by Louis Jacques Thenard, who produced it by treating barium peroxide with nitric acid. Hydrogen Peroxide is the simplest peroxide (a compound with an oxygen-oxygen single bond) and in its pure form is a colorless liquid, slightly more viscous than water. It is a nonplanar molecule possessing (twisted) C2 symmetry. Hydrogen peroxide has a number of structural analogues of which hydrogen disulfide is perhaps the most closely related. It has the highest (theoretical) boiling point of all the analogues. Its melting point is also fairly high, being comparable to that of hydrazine, with only hydroxylamine crystallising significantly more readily. Hydrogen peroxide is also one of the two chief chemicals in the defense system of the bombardier beetle, reacting with hydroquinone to discourage predators. It is used in the production of certain organic peroxides, such as dibenzoyl peroxide, used in polymerisations and other chemical processes. It is used in certain waste water remediation processes. It oxidizes organic compounds as well as deodorizes sulfur-containing species. Hydrogen peroxide is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) as an antimicrobial agent, an oxidizing agent and for other purposes by the U.S. FDA. Hydrogen peroxide has been used, in sufficient concentrations, to disinfect inanimate objects. It has been used as a propellant in rocketry and as a hybrid rocket oxidiser. Hydrogen peroxide and benzoyl peroxide are sometimes used to treat acne. Hydrogen peroxide is also used in the oil and gas exploration industry to oxidize rock matrix in preparation for micro-fossil analysis. It is absorbed by skin upon contact and creates a local skin capillary embolism that appears as a temporary whitening of the skin.

Chemical Properties

Acidity 11.62
Appearance Very Light Blue Color
Boiling Point 150.2°C
CAS Number 7722-84-1
Density 1.463 g/cm3
Dipole Moment 2.26 D
EINECS Number 231-765-0
IUPAC Name Dihydrogen Dioxide
InChI 1S/H2O2/c1-2/h1-2H
InChIKey MHAJPDPJQMAIIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point -0.43°C
Molar Mass 34.0147 g/mol
Molecular Formula H2O2
NFPA 704 H-3, F-0, R-2, C-OX
RTECS Number MX0900000
Refractive 1.34 n/D
Related Compounds Water;Ozone;Hydrazine;Hydrogen Disulfide
Solubility Soluble in ether
Synonyms Dioxidane
Viscosity 1.245 cPs