Hypochlorous Acid Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Hypochlorous Acid Properties

Hypochlorous Acid

Molecule Structure Image



Hypochlorous acid is a weak acid. It is an oxidizer, and as its sodium salt or calcium salt it is used as a bleach, a deodorant, and a disinfectant. In organic synthesis, hypochlorous acid converts alkenes to chlorohydrins. In biology, hypochlorous acid is generated in activated neutrophils by myeloperoxidase-mediated peroxidation of chloride ions, and contributes to the destruction of bacteria. In water treatment, hypochlorous acid is the active sanitizer in hypochlorite-based products. In food service and water distribution, specialized equipment to generate weak solutions of hypochlorous acid from water and salt is sometimes used to generate adequate quantities of safe disinfectant to treat food preparation surfaces and water supplies.

Chemical Properties

Acidity 7.53
Appearance Colorless Aqueous Solution
CAS Number 7790-92-3
ChEBI 24757
Class 5.1
EINECS Number 232-232-5
IUPAC Name Hypochlorous Acid
InChI 1S/ClHO/c1-2/h2H
Main Hazards Oxidizer
Molar Mass 52.46 g/mol
Molecular Formula HClO
PG 2
Related Compounds Chlorine;Calcium Hypochlorite;Sodium Hypochlorite
Synonyms Chloric(I) Acid;Chloranol;Hydrogen Hypochlorite;Chlorine Hydroxide
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