Imidazole Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Imidazole Properties

Imidazole

Imidazole 3D Structure-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Imidazole Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Imidazole is an organic compound. This aromatic heterocyclic is a diazole and is classified as an alkaloid. Imidazole refers to the parent compound whereas imidazoles are a class of heterocycles with similar ring structure but varying substituents. This ring system is present in important biological building blocks such as histidine, and the related hormone histamine. It can serve as a base and as a weak acid. Many drugs contain an imidazole ring, such as antifungal drugs and nitroimidazole. It has been used extensively as a corrosion inhibitor on certain transition metals, such as copper. Many compounds of industrial and technological importance contain imidazole derivatives. The thermostable polybenzimidazole PBI contains imidazole fused to a benzene ring and linked to a benzene, and acts as a fire retardant.It can also be found in various compounds which are used for photography and electronics.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White or pale yellow solid
Boiling Point 256 °C
CAS Number 288-32-4
Crystal Structure Monoclinic
Density 1.23 g/cm3
Dipole Moment 3.61D
EINECS Number 206-019-2
IUPAC Name Imidazole
InChI 1S/C3H4N2/c1-2-5-3-4-1/h1-3H,(H,4,5)
InChIKey RAXXELZNTBOGNW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 89-91 °C
Molar Mass 68.077 g/mol
Molecular Formula C3H4N2
RTECS Number NI3325000
Refractive 1.4801
Solubility 633 g/l
Synonyms 1,3-Diazole;1,3-Diazacyclopenta-2,4-diene;1H-Imidazole;Glyoxaline
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