Lead Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Lead Properties




Lead is a main-group element. It is also counted as one of the heavy metals. It is used in building construction, lead-acid batteries, bullets and shots, weights, as part of solders, pewters, fusible alloys and as a radiation shield. It is also used as electrodes in the process of electrolysis. Lead compounds are used as a coloring element in ceramic glazes, notably in the colors red and yellow. It is frequently used in polyvinyl chloride plastic, which coats electrical cords. Lead, at certain exposure levels, is a poisonous substance to animals. It damages the nervous system and causes brain disorders. Excessive lead also causes blood disorders in mammals. It is restricted under the RoHS directive.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Gray Solid
Atomic Number 82
Atomic Weight 207.2 g/mol
Block p
Boiling Point 1749 °C
CAS Number 7439-92-1
Class NA
Crystal Structure Face-Centered Cubic
Density 11.34 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-100-4
Electron Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Group 14
Ionization Energy 715.6 KJ/mol
Melting Point 327.46 °C
NFPA 704 H-1,F-0,R-0,C-NA
Oxidation State 4,2
Period 6
RTECS Number OF7525000
Symbol Pb
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