Lycopene Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Lycopene Properties

Lycopene

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Lycopene is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons and papayas. Although lycopene is chemically a carotene, it has no vitamin A activity. In plants, algae, and other photosynthetic organisms, lycopene is an important intermediate in the biosynthesis of many carotenoids, including beta carotene, responsible for yellow, orange or red pigmentation, photosynthesis, and photo-protection. Like all carotenoids, lycopene is a polyunsaturated hydrocarbon. Structurally, it is a tetraterpene assembled from eight isoprene units, composed entirely of carbon and hydrogen, and is insoluble in water. Lycopene's eleven conjugated double bonds give it its deep red color and are responsible for its antioxidant activity. Due to its strong color and non-toxicity, lycopene is a useful food coloring.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Deep red solid
CAS Number 502-65-8
Chemical Composition Magnesium Oxide
EINECS Number 207-949-1
IUPAC Name ψ,ψ-Carotene
InChI 1S/C40H56/c1-33(2)19-13-23-37(7)27-17-31-39(9)29-15-25-35(5)21-11-12-22-36(6)26-16-30-40(10)32-18-28-38(8)24-14-20-34(3)4/h11-12,15-22,25-32H,13-14,23-24H2,1-10H3/b12-11+,25-15+,26-16+,31-17+,32-18+,35-21+,36-22+,37-27+,38-28+,39-29+,40-30+
InChIKey OAIJSZIZWZSQBC-GYZMGTAESA-N
Melting Point 172–173 °C
Molar Mass 536.87 g/mol
Molecular Formula C40H56
Solubility Insoluble
Synonyms Lycosource;Lycopene;Jarcopene(TM);4,4-Carotene;2,6,10,14,19,23,27,31-Octamethyl-Dotriaconta-2,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22,24,26,30-Tridecaene;Psi,Psi-Carotene;Y,Y-Carotene