Methane Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals
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Methane Properties

Methane

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Methane is the simplest alkane, and the principal component of natural gas. Burning methane in the presence of oxygen produces carbon dioxide and water. The relative abundance of methane makes it an attractive fuel. Methane was discovered and isolated by Alessandro Volta between 1776 and 1778 when studying marsh gas from Lake Maggiore. It is important for electrical generation by burning it as a fuel in a gas turbine or steam boiler. Methane in the form of compressed natural gas is used as a vehicle fuel, and is claimed to be more environmentally friendly than other fossil fuels such as gasoline/petrol and diesel. It is used in industrial chemical processes and may be transported as a refrigerated liquid. In a highly refined form, liquid methane is used as a rocket fuel.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colorless gas
Boiling Point -161.6°C
CAS Number 74-82-8
Density 0.716 g/ml
EINECS Number 200-812-7
InChI 1S/CH4/h1H4
InChIKey VNWKTOKETHGBQD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point -182.5°C
Molar Mass 16.042 g/mol
Molecular Formula CH4
NFPA 704 H-1,F-4,R-0,C-NA
RTECS Number PA1490000
Related Compounds Methanol;Chloromethane;Formic Acid;Formaldehyde;Silane
Solubility 35 mg/l
Synonyms Methyl Hydride;Marsh Gas;Biogas
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