Methyl Chloride Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Methyl Chloride Properties

Methyl Chloride

Methyl Chloride Molecular Structure-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Methyl Chloride Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image



Methyl chloride is a chemical compound of the group of haloalkanes. It was first synthesized by the French chemists Jean-Baptiste Dumas and Eugene Peligot in 1835 by boiling a mixture of methanol, sulfuric acid, and sodium chloride. It was a widely used refrigerant, but its use has been discontinued due to its toxicity and flammability. It was also once used for producing lead-based gasoline additives. The most important use of methyl chloride today is as a chemical intermediate in the production of silicone polymers. Smaller quantities are used as a solvent in the manufacture of butyl rubber and in petroleum refining. It is also used in a variety of other fields: as an extractant for greases, oils and resins, as a propellant and blowing agent in polystyrene foam production, as a local anesthetic, as an intermediate in drug manufacturing, as a catalyst carrier in low-temperature polymerization, as a fluid for thermometric and thermostatic equipment, and as a herbicide.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colorless gas
Boiling Point -24.2 °C
CAS Number 74-87-3
ChEBI 36014
Class 2.1
Density 0.895 g/cm3
EINECS Number 200-817-4
IUPAC Name Chloromethane
InChI 1S/CH3Cl/c1-2/h1H3
Melting Point -97.7 °C
Molar Mass 50.49 g/mol
Molecular Formula CH3Cl
Molecular Shape Tetrahedral
NFPA 704 H-2,F-4,R-0,C-NA
RTECS Number PA6300000
Solubility 5.325 g/l
Synonyms Monochloromethane;(Mono)chloromethane;R-40;HCC 40;UN 1063;Methane, Chloro-;Methyl Chloride