Methyl Chloride Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Methyl Chloride Properties

Methyl Chloride

Methyl Chloride Molecular Structure-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Methyl Chloride Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image



Methyl chloride is a chemical compound of the group of haloalkanes. It was first synthesized by the French chemists Jean-Baptiste Dumas and Eugene Peligot in 1835 by boiling a mixture of methanol, sulfuric acid, and sodium chloride. It was a widely used refrigerant, but its use has been discontinued due to its toxicity and flammability. It was also once used for producing lead-based gasoline additives. The most important use of methyl chloride today is as a chemical intermediate in the production of silicone polymers. Smaller quantities are used as a solvent in the manufacture of butyl rubber and in petroleum refining. It is also used in a variety of other fields: as an extractant for greases, oils and resins, as a propellant and blowing agent in polystyrene foam production, as a local anesthetic, as an intermediate in drug manufacturing, as a catalyst carrier in low-temperature polymerization, as a fluid for thermometric and thermostatic equipment, and as a herbicide.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colorless gas
Boiling Point -24.2 °C
CAS Number 74-87-3
ChEBI 36014
Class 2.1
Density 0.895 g/cm3
EINECS Number 200-817-4
IUPAC Name Chloromethane
InChI 1S/CH3Cl/c1-2/h1H3
Melting Point -97.7 °C
Molar Mass 50.49 g/mol
Molecular Formula CH3Cl
Molecular Shape Tetrahedral
NFPA 704 H-2,F-4,R-0,C-NA
RTECS Number PA6300000
Solubility 5.325 g/l
Synonyms Monochloromethane;(Mono)chloromethane;R-40;HCC 40;UN 1063;Methane, Chloro-;Methyl Chloride uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By using this site, you agree to our Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use. X