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Nisin Properties

Nisin

Nisin-Product_Structure
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Nisin is a polycyclic antibacterial peptide with 34 amino acid residues used as a food preservative. It contains the uncommon amino acids lanthionine (Lan), methyllanthionine (MeLan), didehydroalanine (Dha) and didehydroaminobutyric acid (Dhb). These unusual amino acids are introduced by posttranslational modification of the precursor peptide. In these reactions a ribosomally synthesized 57-mer is converted to the final peptide. The unsaturated amino acids originate from serine and threonine, and the enzyme-catalysed addition of cysteine residues to the didehydro amino acids result in the multiple thioether bridges. Nisin is produced by fermentation using the bacterium Lactococcus lactis. Commercially, it is obtained from the culturing of Lactoccus lactis on natural substrates, such as milk or dextrose, and is not chemically synthesized. It is used in processed cheese, meats, beverages, etc. during production to extend shelf life by suppressing Gram-positive spoilage and pathogenic bacteria.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Grey or white or light yellow powder
CAS Number 1414-45-5
Density 1.402 g/cm3
EINECS Number 215-807-5
InChI 1S/C143H246N42O45S7/c1-22-68(10)104(148)134(220)183-111(76(18)193)140(226)173-93(57-189)127(213)179-107(70(12)24-3)138(224)172-91(55-187)125(211)166-86(45-66(6)7)120(206)175-98(62-235)132(218)184-112(77(19)194)142(228)185-41-31-35-99(185)133(219)152-53-103(198)158-94(58-231)128(214)161-81(33-26-29-39-145)117(203)181-108(73(15)190)135(221)153-51-101(196)156-71(13)113(199)165-85(44-65(4)5)119(205)162-82(36-42-236-20)115(201)151-52-102(197)159-95(59-232)129(215)168-89(48-100(147)195)122(208)163-83(37-43-237-21)116(202)160-80(32-25-28-38-144)118(204)182-109(74(16)191)139(225)157-72(14)114(200)180-110(75(17)192)141(227)176-97(61-234)130(216)167-87(46-78-49-149-63-154-78)121(207)174-96(60-233)131(217)170-92(56-188)126(212)178-106(69(11)23-2)137(223)169-88(47-79-50-150-64-155-79)123(209)177-105(67(8)9)136(222)171-90(54-186)124(210)164-84(143(229)230)34-27-30-40-146/h49-50,63-77,80-99,104-112,186-194,231-235H,22-48,51-62,144-146,148H2,1-21H3,(H2,147,195)(H,149,154)(H,150,155)(H,151,201)(H,152,219)(H,153,221)(H,156,196)(H,157,225)(H,158,198)(H,159,197)(H,160,202)(H,161,214)(H,162,205)(H,163,208)(H,164,210)(H,165,199)(H,166,211)(H,167,216)(H,168,215)(H,169,223)(H,170,217)(H,171,222)(H,172,224)(H,173,226)(H,174,207)(H,175,206)(H,176,227)(H,177,209)(H,178,212)(H,179,213)(H,180,200)(H,181,203)(H,182,204)(H,183,220)(H,184,218)(H,229,230)
InChIKey WAMGWAJCUSJZNI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Molar Mass 3354.07 g/mol
Molecular Formula C143H230N42O37S7
RTECS Number QU3340000
Synonyms Ambicin N;Delvoplus;Nisaplin;Nisin(1-34);Nisitrol;Novasin;NisinA (9CI)