Nitric Acid Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals
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Nitric Acid Properties

Nitric Acid

Nitric Acid Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Nitric acid is commonly used as a strong oxidizing agent. The main use of nitric acid is for the production of fertilizers. Other important uses include etching and dissolution of metals, especially as a component of aqua regia for the purification and extraction of gold, and in chemical synthesis. It has been used in various forms as the oxidizer in liquid-fueled rockets.

Chemical Properties

Acidity -1.4
Appearance Colourless liquid
Boiling Point 83 °C
CAS Number 7697-37-2
ChEBI 48107
Density 1.5129 g/cm3
Dipole Moment 2.17 ± 0.02 D
EINECS Number 231-714-2
IUPAC Name Nitric Acid
InChI 1S/HNO3/c2-1(3)4/h(H,2,3,4)
InChIKey GRYLNZFGIOXLOG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point -42 °C
Molar Mass 63.01 g/mol
Molecular Formula HNO3
NFPA 704 H-4,F-0,R-0,C-OX
Other_Cations Sodium Nitrate;Potassium Nitrate;Ammonium Nitrate
RTECS Number QU5775000
Refractive 1.397
Related Compounds Dinitrogen Pentoxide
Solubility Miscible
Synonyms Aqua Fortis;Spirit of Nitre
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