Nitric Acid Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Nitric Acid Properties

Nitric Acid

Nitric Acid Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image



Nitric acid is commonly used as a strong oxidizing agent. The main use of nitric acid is for the production of fertilizers. Other important uses include etching and dissolution of metals, especially as a component of aqua regia for the purification and extraction of gold, and in chemical synthesis. It has been used in various forms as the oxidizer in liquid-fueled rockets.

Chemical Properties

Acidity -1.4
Appearance Colourless liquid
Boiling Point 83 °C
CAS Number 7697-37-2
ChEBI 48107
Density 1.5129 g/cm3
Dipole Moment 2.17 ± 0.02 D
EINECS Number 231-714-2
IUPAC Name Nitric Acid
InChI 1S/HNO3/c2-1(3)4/h(H,2,3,4)
Melting Point -42 °C
Molar Mass 63.01 g/mol
Molecular Formula HNO3
NFPA 704 H-4,F-0,R-0,C-OX
Other_Cations Sodium Nitrate;Potassium Nitrate;Ammonium Nitrate
RTECS Number QU5775000
Refractive 1.397
Related Compounds Dinitrogen Pentoxide
Solubility Miscible
Synonyms Aqua Fortis;Spirit of Nitre uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By using this site, you agree to our Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use. X