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Nitrobenzene Properties

Nitrobenzene

Methyl 2-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Methyl 2-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Nitrobenzene is an organic compound. It is produced on a large scale as a precursor to aniline. Although occasionally used as a flavoring or perfume additive, nitrobenzene is highly toxic in large quantities. In the laboratory, it is occasionally used as a solvent, especially for electrophilic reagents. It is also used in shoe and floor polishes, leather dressings, paint solvents, and other materials to mask unpleasant odors. A significant merchant market for nitrobenzene is its use in the production of the analgesic paracetamol. It is also used in Kerr cells, as it has an unusually large Kerr constant.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Yellowish liquid
Boiling Point 210.9°C
CAS Number 98-95-3
ChEBI 27798
Density 1.199 g/cm3
EINECS Number 202-716-0
InChI 1S/C6H5NO2/c8-7(9)6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5H
InChIKey LQNUZADURLCDLV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 5.85°C
Molar Mass 123.06 g/mol
Molecular Formula C6H5NO2
NFPA 704 H-2,F-3,R-1,C-NA
RTECS Number DA6475000
Refractive n20/D 1.551
Related Compounds Aniline;Benzenediazonium Chloride;Nitrosobenzene
Solubility 0.19 g/100 ml
Synonyms Nitrobenzol;Oil of Mirbane