Nitroglycerin Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Nitroglycerin Properties

Nitroglycerin

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Nitroglycerin is a explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol. Since the 1860s, it has been used as an active ingredient in the manufacture of explosives, specifically dynamite, and as such is employed in the construction and demolition industries. Similarly, since the 1880s, it has been used by the military as an active ingredient, and a gelatinizer for nitrocellulose, in some solid propellants, such as Cordite and Ballistite. It is also used medically as a vasodilator to treat heart conditions, such as angina and chronic heart failure. It is one of the oldest and most useful drugs for treating heart disease by shortening or even preventing attacks of angina pectoris.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colorless liquid
Boiling Point 50-60°C
CAS Number 55-63-0
ChEBI 28787
Density 1.6 g/cm3
EINECS Number 200-240-8
IUPAC Name 1,2,3-Trinitroxypropane
InChI 1S/C3H5N3O9/c7-4(8)13-1-3(15-6(11)12)2-14-5(9)10/h3H,1-2H2
InChIKey SNIOPGDIGTZGOP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 13.2°C
Molar Mass 227.09 g/mol
Molecular Formula C3H5N3O9
Molecular Shape Tetrahedral
NFPA 704 H-3,F-3,R-4,C-NA
Synonyms 1,2,3-Propanetriol,1,2,3-trinitrate;2,3-Bis(nitrooxy)propyl Nitrate;1,3-Dinitrooxypropan-2-yl Nitrate;Propane-1,2,3-triyl Trinitrate;Nitrostat;Glyceryl Trinitrate;Trinitroglycerin;Nitroglycerin;NG;Trinitroglycerine;1,2,3-Trinitroxypropane
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