Oxytocin Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Oxytocin Properties

Oxytocin

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Oxytocin is a mammalian hormone that acts primarily as a neuromodulator in the brain.It is best known for its roles in female reproduction. It is released in large amounts after distension of the cervix and uterus during labor, facilitating birth, and after stimulation of the nipples, facilitating breastfeeding.Oxytocin is a peptide of nine amino acids (a nonapeptide). Its systematic name is cysteine-tyrosine-isoleucine-glutamine-asparagine-cysteine-proline-leucine-glycine-amine.Oxytocin is a very abundant neuropeptide exerting a wide spectrum of central and peripheral effects as neurohormone, neurotransmitter, or neuromodulator.

Chemical Properties

Brand Name Pitocin;Syntocinon
CAS Number 50-56-6
ChEBI 7872
EINECS Number 200-048-4
InChI 1/C43H66N12O12S2/c1-5-22(4)35-42(66)49-26(12-13-32(45)57)38(62)51-29(17-33(46)58)39(63)53-30(20-69-68-19-25(44)36(60)50-28(40(64)54-35)16-23-8-10-24(56)11-9-23)43(67)55-14-6-7-31(55)41(65)52-27(15-21(2)3)37(61)48-18-34(47)59/h8-11,21-22,25-31,35,56H,5-7,12-20,44H2,1-4H3,(H2,45,57)(H2,46,58)(H2,47,59)(H,48,61)(H,49,66)(H,50,60)(H,51,62)(H,52,65)(H,53,63)(H,54,64)
InChIKey XNOPRXBHLZRZKH-DSZYJQQASA-N
Melting Point 192-194°C
Molar Mass 1007.19 g/mol
Molecular Formula C43H66N12O12S2
RTECS Number RS7534000