Palladium Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Palladium Properties

Palladium

Description

 

Palladium is a rare and lustrous silvery-white metal and was discovered in 1803 by William Hyde Wollaston. The largest use of palladium today is in catalytic converters. It is also used in jewelry, in dentistry, watch making, in blood sugar test strips, in aircraft spark plugs and in the production of surgical instruments and electrical contacts. Palladium is also used to make professional transverse flutes. The second biggest application of palladium in electronics is making the multilayer ceramic capacitor. It is also used in plating of electronic components and in soldering materials. With the platinotype printing process photographers make fine-art black-and-white prints using platinum or palladium salts.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Silvery White Metallic Solid
Atomic Number 46
Atomic Weight 106.42 g/mol
Block d
Boiling Point 2963 °C
CAS Number 7440-05-3
Class 4.1
Crystal Structure Face-Centered Cubic
Density 12.023 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-115-6
Electron Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10
Group 10
Ionization Energy 804.4 KJ/mol
Melting Point 1554.9 °C
NFPA 704 H-1,F-1,R-0,C-NA
Oxidation State 0,+1,+2,+4,+6
PG 3
Period 5
RTECS Number RT3480500
Solubility Insoluble
Symbol Pd
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