Penicillin Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Penicillin Properties

Penicillin

Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Penicillin is a group of antibiotics derived from Penicillium fungi.Penicillins are Beta-lactam antibiotics and are used in the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible, usually Gram-positive, organisms.In 1928 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming first observed that colonies of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus.It work by inhibiting the formation of peptidoglycan cross-links in the bacterial cell wall.Penicillins are divided into naturally occurring penicillins and the semisynthetic penicillins.Penicillins are used in the treatment of throat infections, meningitis, syphilis, and various other infections.Side effects of penicillin are hypersensitivity reactions, including skin rash, hives, swelling, and anaphylaxis, or allergic shock.

Chemical Properties

CAS Number 1406-05-9
ChEBI 17334
Molecular Formula C9H11N2O4SR
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