Pentane Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Pentane Properties

Pentane

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Pentane is an alkane with five carbon atoms. It is one of the primary blowing agents used in the production of polystyrene foam. Because of its low boiling point, low cost, and relative safety, pentane is used as a working medium in geothermal power stations. It is added into some refrigerant blends as well. It is used in the laboratory as solvents and also often used in liquid chromatography.

Chemical Properties

Acidity ~45
Appearance Colourless liquid
Boiling Point 36.1 °C
CAS Number 109-66-0
ChEBI 37830
Density 0.626 g/ml
EINECS Number 203-692-4
HS Code 29011090
IUPAC Name Pentane
InChI 1S/C5H12/c1-3-5-4-2/h3-5H2,1-2H3
InChIKey OFBQJSOFQDEBGM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point −129.8 °C
Molar Mass 72.15 g/mol
Molecular Formula C5H12
NFPA 704 H-1,F-4,R-0,C-NA
RTECS Number RZ9450000
Refractive n20/D 1.358
Related Compounds Cyclopentane
Solubility 0.04 g/l
Synonyms n-Pentane;Amyl Hydride;Skellysolve A
Viscosity 0.240 cP
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