Perchloryl Fluoride Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Perchloryl Fluoride Properties

Perchloryl Fluoride

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Perchloryl fluoride is a reactive gas. It has a characteristic sweet odor that resembles gasoline and kerosene. It is toxic and is a powerful oxidizing and fluorinating agent. It is the acid fluoride of perchloric acid. Perchloryl fluoride is used in organic chemistry as a mild fluorinating agent. It was the first industrially-relevant electrophilic fluorinating agent, used since the 1960s for producing fluorinated steroids. It was investigated as a high performance liquid rocket fuel oxidizer. In comparison with chlorine pentafluoride and bromine pentafluoride, it has significantly lower specific impulse, but does not tend to corrode tanks. It does not require cryogenic storage. It can also be used in flame photometry as an excitation source.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colorless gas
Boiling Point −46.7°C
CAS Number 7616-94-6
Density 1.4 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-526-0
IUPAC Name Perchloryl Fluoride
InChI 1S/ClFO3/c2-1(3,4)5
InChIKey XHFXMNZYIKFCPN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Main Hazards Corrosive, oxidizing, toxic
Melting Point −147.8 °C
Molar Mass 102.4496 g/mol
Molecular Formula ClFO3
Molecular Shape Tetrahedral
NFPA 704 H-3,F-2,R-3,C-OX
RTECS Number SD1925000
Solubility 0.06 g/100 ml
Synonyms Chlorine Oxyfluoride;Perchlorofluoride;Chlorine Fluorine Oxide;Trioxychlorofluoride;Perchloric Acid Fluoride