Phenol Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Phenol Properties


Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image



Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is an organic compound . It is a white, crystalline solid. This functional group consists of a phenyl, bonded to a hydroxyl (-OH). It is produced on a large scale (about 7 billion kg/year) as a precursor to many materials and useful compounds.It is a mildly acidic compound that requires careful handling.The major uses of phenol involve its conversion to plastics or related materials. Condensation with acetone gives bisphenol-A, a key building block for polycarbonates. Condensation with formaldehyde gives phenolic resins, the most famous of which is Bakelite. Hydrogenation of phenol gives cyclohexanone, an intermediate en route to nylon. Nonionic detergents are produced by alkylation of phenol to give the alkylphenols, which are then subjected to ethoxyl

Chemical Properties

Acidity 9.95
Appearance White crystalline solid
Boiling Point 181.7 °C
CAS Number 108-95-2
ChEBI 15882
Chemical Composition Sodium Hydroxide;Sulfuric Acid ;Petroleum Ether;Sodium Sulfate;Benzene;Sodium Sulfite;Sulfur Dioxide;Propylene;Sulfur Trioxide;Coal Tar;Isoproturon;Benzenesulfonic Acid Sodium Salt;Liquefied Petroleum Ges;Phenol Crude;Cumene;Cumyl Hydroperoxide;4-Isopropylaniline
Density 1.07 g/cm3
Dipole Moment 1.7 D
EINECS Number 203-632-7
HS Code 29071100
IUPAC Name Hydroxybenzene
Melting Point 40.5 °C
Molar Mass 94.11 g mol−1
Molecular Formula C6H6O
NFPA 704 H-3,F-2,R-0,C-COR
RTECS Number SJ3325000
Refractive n20/D 1.53
Related Compounds Benzenethiol
Solubility 8.3 g/100 ml (20 °C)
Synonyms Carbolic Acid; Benzenol; Phenylic Acid; Hydroxybenzene; Phenic acid; Phenyl alcohol uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By using this site, you agree to our Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use. X