Prostaglandins Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Prostaglandins Properties




Prostaglandins is any member of a group of lipid compounds that are derived enzymatically from fatty acids and have important functions in the animal body. Every prostaglandin contains 20 carbon atoms, including a 5-carbon ring.Prostaglandins are not endocrine hormones, but autocrine or paracrine, which are locally acting messenger molecules.Prostaglandins are highly potent substances that are not stored but are produced as needed by cell membranes in virtually every body tissue. Different prostaglandins have been found to raise or lower blood pressure and regulate smooth muscle activity and glandular secretion.Prostaglandins also control the substances involved in the transmission of nerve impulses, participate in the body's defenses against infection, and regulate the rate of metabolism in various tissues.It cause constriction or dilation in vascular smooth muscle cells, aggregation or disaggregation of platelets, sensitize spinal neurons to pain induce labor, decrease intraocular pressure, regulate inflammatory mediation, regulate calcium movement, control hormone regulation, cell growth, acts on thermoregulatory center of hypothalamus to produce fever, mesangial cells in the glomerulus of the kidney to increase glomerular filtration rate.

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