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Safrole Properties

Safrole

Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Safrole is a phenylpropene. It is typically extracted from the root-bark or the fruit of sassafras plants in the form of sassafras oil, or synthesized from other related methylenedioxy compounds. It is the principal component of brown camphor oil, and is found in small amounts in a wide variety of plants, where it functions as a natural pesticide. It is a precursor in the synthesis of the insecticide synergist piperonyl butoxide and the recreational drug MDMA.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Clear to pale yellow oily liquid
Boiling Point 232-234 °C
CAS Number 94-59-7
Density 1.096 g/cm3
EINECS Number 202-345-4
IUPAC Name 5-(2-Propenyl)-1,3-benzodioxole
InChI 1S/C10H10O2/c1-2-3-8-4-5-9-10(6-8)12-7-11-9/h2,4-6H,1,3,7H2
InChIKey ZMQAAUBTXCXRIC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 11 °C
Molar Mass 162.19 g/mol
Molecular Formula C10H10O2
RTECS Number CY2800000
Refractive n20/D 1.537
Synonyms 5-Allylbenzo[d][1,3]dioxole;3,4-Methylenedioxyphenyl-2-propene;Shikimole;1,3-Benzodioxole,5-(2-propen-1-yl)-;Safrole