Scandium Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Scandium Properties

Scandium

Description

 

Scandium is a transition metal. It was discovered in 1879 by spectral analysis, of the minerals euxenite and gadolinite from Scandinavia. The main application of scandium by weight is in aluminium-scandium alloys for minor aerospace industry components. Some items of sports equipment, which rely on high performance materials, have been made with scandium-aluminium alloys. It is also used to make high-intensity discharge lamps.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Silvery White Solid
Atomic Number 21
Atomic Weight 44.955 g/mol
Block d
Boiling Point 2836 °C
CAS Number 7440-20-2
Class 4.1
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Density 2.985 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-129-2
Electron Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d1 4s2
Group 3
Ionization Energy 633.1 KJ/mol
Melting Point 1541 °C
Oxidation State 3,2,1
PG 2
Period 4
Solubility Insoluble
Symbol Sc
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