Sodium Borohydride Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Sodium Borohydride Properties

Sodium Borohydride

Sodium Borohydride Molecular Structure-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Sodium borohydride is an inorganic compound. It is a versatile reducing agent that finds wide application in chemistry, both in the laboratory and on a technical scale. Large amounts are used for bleaching wood pulp. The compound was discovered in the 1940s by H. I. Schlesinger, who led a team that developed metal borohydrides for wartime applications. It is used in the dyeing industry. It can also be used in oxymercuration reactions. It reduces aldehydes and ketones into alcohols. This reaction is used in the production of various antibiotics including chloramphenicol, dihydrostreptomycin, and thiophenicol. Various steroids and vitamin A are prepared using sodium borohydride in at least one step.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White crystals
Boiling Point 500 °C
CAS Number 16940-66-2
ChEBI 50985
Density 1.0740 g/cm3
EINECS Number 241-004-4
IUPAC Name Sodium Tetrahydridoborate
InChI 1S/BH4.Na/h1H4;/q-1;+1
InChIKey YOQDYZUWIQVZSF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 400 °C
Molar Mass 37.83 g/mol
Molecular Formula NaBH4
NFPA 704 H-2,F-1,R-2,C-W
Other_Cations Lithium Borohydride
RTECS Number ED3325000
Related Compounds Lithium Aluminium Hydride
Solubility 550 g/l
Synonyms Sodium Boranuide;Sulfatase;Sodium Borohydride
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