Sodium Chlorate Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Sodium Chlorate Properties

Sodium Chlorate

Molecule Structure Image



Sodium Chlorate is an industrial salt produced from water and common table salt in a reaction with electricity. It is hygroscopic. It decomposes above 300 °C to release oxygen and leave sodium chloride. Sodium Chlorate synthesized by passing chlorine gas through a solution of sodium hydroxide. It is then purified by crystallization. Sodium chlorate is used as a non-selective herbicide. It is considered phytotoxic to all green plant parts. It can also kill through root absorption. Sodium chlorate is largely used by the pulp & paper industry to produce chlorine dioxide, which is used to bleach wood pulp for the manufacture of higher quality and environmentally friendly white paper products.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White solid
Boiling Point ~300 °C
CAS Number 7775-09-9
Density 2.5 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-887-4
HS Code 2829.11
IUPAC Name Sodium Chlorate
InChI 1S/ClHO3.Na/c2-1(3)4;/h(H,2,3,4);/q;+1/p-1
Melting Point 248 °C
Molar Mass 106.44g/mol
Molecular Formula NaClO3
NFPA 704 H-1,F-0,R-1,C-OX
Other_Cations Ammonium Chlorate;Potassium Chlorate;Barium Chlorate
RTECS Number FO0525000
Refractive 1.572
Related Compounds Chloric Acid
Solubility 101.0 g/100 ml
Synonyms Soda Chlorate;Chloric acid, Sodium Salt;Chlorax;Chlorate of Soda;Sodium Chlorate(V)