Sodium Chloride Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Sodium Chloride Properties

Sodium Chloride

Description

 

Sodium chloride is an ionic compound. It is the salt most responsible for the salinity of the ocean and of the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. As the major ingredient in edible salt, it is commonly used as a condiment and food preservative. It is used in many applications, from manufacturing pulp and paper, to setting dyes in textiles and fabric, to producing soaps, detergents, and other bath products. It is the major source of industrial chlorine and sodium hydroxide, and used in almost every industry. It is also used in veterinary medicine as emesis causing agent.

Chemical Properties

Acidity 6.7–7.3
Appearance Colorless or white crystalline solid
Boiling Point 1413 °C
CAS Number 7647-14-5
ChEBI 26710
Crystal Structure Face-centered cubic
Density 2.165 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-598-3
HS Code 38220000
IUPAC Name Sodium Chloride
InChI 1S/ClH.Na/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
InChIKey FAPWRFPIFSIZLT-UHFFFAOYSA-M
Melting Point 801 °C
Molar Mass 58.443 g/mol
Molecular Formula NaCl
NFPA 704 H-0,F-0,R-0,C-NA
Other_Cations Lithium Chloride;Potassium Chloride;Rubidium Chloride;Caesium Chloride
RTECS Number VZ4725000
Refractive n20/D 1.378
Solubility 359 g/l
Synonyms Common Salt;Halite;Table Salt;Rock Salt;Saline;Hyposaline;Sodium Monochloride;Sodium Chloric;Saltex
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