Sodium Cyanide Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Sodium Cyanide Properties

Sodium Cyanide

Molecule Structure Image



Sodium cyanide is an inorganic compound. This highly toxic colourless salt is used mainly in gold mining but has other niche applications. It is an inorganic salt derived from neutralization reactions involving the weak acid hydrogen cyanide. In organic synthesis, cyanide, which is classified as a strong nucleophile, is used to prepare nitriles, which occur widely in many specialty chemicals, including pharmaceuticals. Being highly toxic, sodium cyanide is used to kill or stun rapidly such as in illegal cyanide fishing and in collecting jars used by entomologists.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White solid
Boiling Point 1496 °C
CAS Number 143-33-9
Density 1.595 g/cm3
EINECS Number 205-599-4
InChI 1S/CN.Na/c1-2;/q-1;+1
Melting Point 563.7 °C
Molar Mass 49.0072 g/mol
Molecular Formula NaCN
NFPA 704 H-3,F-0,R-0,C-NA
Other_Cations Potassium Cyanide
RTECS Number VZ7525000
Refractive 1.45
Related Compounds Hydrogen Cyanide
Solubility 37 g/100ml uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By using this site, you agree to our Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use. X