Sodium Hypochlorite Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Sodium Hypochlorite Properties

Sodium Hypochlorite

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Sodium Hypochlorite is an alkaline, corrosive, light yellow solution. It is formed when caustic soda (NaOH) and chlorine (Cl2) react. It is widely used for its bleaching, disinfecting and oxidizing properties. Sodium Hypochlorite shows, as well as chlorine, a very high reactivity and oxidizing power, but as a solution it is much easier to handle than chlorine. Sodium hypochlorite reacts with hydrochloric acid to release chlorine gas. It decomposes when heated to form sodium chlorate and sodium chloride. Sodium hypochlorite reacts with most nitrogen compounds to form volatile chloramines, dichloramines, and nitrogen trichloride. Sodium Hypochlorite is used as bleaching agent for textile fibers and paper,surfactant, swimming pool disinfectant, drinking and process water disinfectant,oxidizing agent and in production of cleaning and disinfecting agents.

Chemical Properties

Appearance colourless liquid with strong odour
Boiling Point 101 °C (decomp.)
CAS Number 7681-52-9
Density 1.11 g/cm3
EINECS Number 231-668-3
Melting Point 18 °C (pentahydrate)
Molar Mass 75.45
Molecular Formula NaClO
NFPA 704 N-2, F-0, R-1, C-OX
Other_Cations Lithium hypochlorite
Calcium hypochlorite
RTECS Number NH3486300
Related Compounds Hypochlorous acid
Solubility 29.3 g/100ml (0 °C)
Synonyms Sodium Chteepol Bleach;Sodium Hypochlorite;Sodium Hypochlorite Solution;Soda Bleaching Lye;B-Kliquid;Carrel-Dakinsolution;Caswellno776;Chloroslorate(I)