Sorbitol Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Sorbitol Properties

Sorbitol

Sorbitol Structure -Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Sorbitol 3D Structure -Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol that the human body metabolizes slowly. It can be obtained by reduction of glucose, changing the aldehyde group to a hydroxyl group. It is found in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes. It is synthesized by sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and converted to fructose by succinate dehydrogenase and sorbitol dehydrogenase. It is often used in diet foods, mints, cough syrups, and sugar-free chewing gum. It can be used as a non-stimulant laxative via an oral suspension or enema, and like other sugar alcohols with the exception of erythritol, may cause inadvertent GI distress when consuming food products with sorbitol in excess. It works by drawing water into the large intestine, thereby stimulating bowel movements. Sorbitol, combined with kayexalate, helps the body rid itself of excess potassium ions in a hyperkalaemic state. The kayexalate exchanges sodium ions for potassium ions in the bowel, while sorbitol helps to eliminate it. Sorbitol often is used in modern cosmetics as a humectant and thickener. It is used in mouthwash and toothpaste.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White Crystalline Powder
Boiling Point 296 °C
CAS Number 50-70-4
ChEBI 17924
Class NA
Density 1.489 g/cm3
EINECS Number 200-061-5
HS Code 29054491
IUPAC Name (2S,3R,4R,5R)-Hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
InChI 1S/C6H14O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h3-12H,1-2H2/t3-,4+,5-,6-/m1/s1
InChIKey FBPFZTCFMRRESA-JGWLITMVSA-N
Melting Point 95 °C
Molar Mass 182.17 g/mol
Molecular Formula C6H14O6
NFPA 704 H-2,F-1,R-0,C-NA
PG NA
RTECS Number LZ4290000
Refractive 1.46 n20/D
Solubility Soluble
Synonyms D-Glucitol;D-Sorbitol;(-)-Sorbitol;D-(-)-Sorbitol;D-Sorbol;Hexahydric Alcohol