Thiamine Hydrochloride Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Thiamine Hydrochloride Properties

Thiamine Hydrochloride

Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Thiamine Hydrochloride is a hydrochloride salt form of thiamine. It is a white, hygroscopic crystal that is soluble in water or ether. It is a vitamin that was first named aneurin for its detrimental neurological effects if not present in the diet. Thiamine hydrochloride is stable in acidic conditions and unstable in alkaline environments. It does not hold up well in heat, but is stable during frozen storage. Thiamine hydrochloride is often added to foods like gravies and soups to give them a brothy, meaty flavor. Thiamine hydrochloride is used in the food industry as a nutritional additive, nutritional sources and flavor enhancer. Thiamine hydrochloride is used in the food industry as a nutritional supplement in either pill or capsule form.

Chemical Properties

CAS Number 67-03-8
EINECS Number 200-641-8
IUPAC Name 3-[(4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl]-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-3-ium chloride hydrochloride
InChI 1S/C12H17N4OS.2ClH/c1-8-11(3-4-17)18-7-16(8)6-10-5-14-9(2)15-12(10)13;;/h5,7,17H,3-4,6H2,1-2H3,(H2,13,14,15);2*1H/q+1;;/p-1
InChIKey DPJRMOMPQZCRJU-UHFFFAOYSA-M
Molar Mass 337.27 g/mol
Molecular Formula C12H18Cl2N4OS
Synonyms Vitamin B1 HCL;Vitamin B1 Mononitrate, USP;Thiamine HCl;Hiamine monohydrochloride